Pet urine has the potential to permanently destroy your carpet. Pet stains can contribute to poor indoor air quality and an unhealthy atmosphere. Urine has a pH of roughly 5 or 6 when it is first deposited on a floor or fabric, which is on the acid side of the pH scale. Pet stains on carpet are easier to clean while they are new. When urine dries, it becomes “alkaline,” or has a pH of 10 to 12 on the scale, it is more difficult to eliminate. The urine’s warm acidic state provides an ideal breeding habitat for bacteria, which begin to thrive almost immediately. In this first acid condition, the pee begins to oxidize and react with the carpet, causing a color change that will become permanent if the urine is not immediately removed. Some of the color shift can be related to the high levels of ammonia formed as the urine undergoes bacterial and chemical transformations. Depending on the fabric or floor type, leaving it for days or weeks will affect the dye structure, resulting in permanent discoloration. Even if the soluble deposits are removed, the dye structure may have been damaged.

Urine scents come from two sources. The first originates from bacteria, which thrive in dark, warm environments with a consistent food source. This bacteria growth and urine breakdown produces amino acids. These complex chemical molecules frequently find their way deep into the fibers, eventually becoming a part of the fiber itself. This is a difficult predicament to be in. An unpleasant stench is produced by the waste components and gases released by decaying urine. Ammonia gas is released when dried urine is remoistened.

The second source of odor is chemical odor, which persists even after the bacteria are eliminated. This explains why odors from urine require more than cleaning. When the relative humidity is high, urine causes extra odor concerns. The salts and crystals left behind as urine dries are hydrophilic, attracting water. In humid months, dried urine is often easy to smell because the salts attract moisture and evaporate, releasing a higher amount of odorous ammonia gas. To get rid of the stink, you must remove the urine salts from the carpet and underneath it. As a result, washing existing pee stains WILL NOT REMOVE THE ODOR. In fact, it may temporarily increase the odor in the air space.

Following a thorough inspection, our professionals will discuss potential cleaning choices and costs that will best meet your requirements. However, we understand that money is an important consideration in your decision, therefore we will gladly provide you with an estimate for less aggressive treatment. While a less effective treatment is less effective, it can save a significant amount of money. Someone whose pets continue to mark the carpet, for example, may elect to use a less expensive, less complex way of eliminating stains and odors because they will need to repeat the procedure in the near future. Our therapies are as follows:

Minor damage/spotting: use our basic cleaning technique to enzyme treat and clean the carpet.

Moderate damage/damage confined to a small area: Soak the carpet and pad in a solution that will break up the deposits, then extract thoroughly. Finally, use our usual cleaning technique to clean the carpet.
Major damage/extensive contamination: cleaning both sides of the carpet, sealing the floor, and replacing the pad and tack strips are all required. See Major Damage for a more detailed explanation.